The evolution of dog food

In 1860, when James Spratt created the first dog biscuit brand, which contained a mix of wheat, vegetables, beetroot, and “the dried, unsalted, gelatinous parts of prairie beef”, he unwittingly pioneered a category now worth £17bn a year in the UK. His biscuits were expensive, and wisely targeted at the ‘English gentlemen’ who could afford them.

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